How to start Trading Business in India

Trading Business: Types, How to Start Trading Business in India


Trading is an important economic segment that is a part of India’s private sector, which is the country’s largest sector. The trading business is in charge of bringing diverse products to the attention of consumers. As a result, if you work in this industry, you can influence the market and have a good sense of what consumers want.

A Trading corporation provides a wide range of products from various brands to individuals, businesses, and government-controlled entities. You can start your own trading company by buying products directly from manufacturers or wholesalers and selling them to end-users or retailers. You might also begin by becoming a company’s approved trading partner.

What is a trading business?

Buying and selling items or goods for profit is referred to as trading. The things might be either standard or customized. Trading companies are those that engage in the trading business. Buying a specialized variety of products, maintaining stock or a shop, and delivering products to consumers are all things that trading organizations do.

A trading company’s activities include:

  • Identification of suppliers in various nations who are capable of supplying huge quantities of generic products at low prices.
  • Negotiating the terms of sale and product delivery.
  • Organizing and managing logistics and transportation.
  • Managing international trade customs and impediments.
  • The products are distributed and sold through the company’s retail network.
  • Financing and payment assurance for the supplier-exporter.

Types of trading business –

The importance of trade in human life cannot be overstated. It is carried out not just to make money, but also to meet the demands and needs of a product user. Trade is a cycle that facilitates the delivery of a diverse and new product range in all parts of the globe.

There are two different kinds of trades. Which are they?

1.       Internal and International trade

2.       External and International trade.

Internal Trade-

Internal trade is the same as domestic trade. It takes place between regions and geographical sites within the same country. It aids in maintaining a level of coordination and products interchange amongst all of the state’s cities.

Internal commerce is classified into two categories:

  1. Wholesale trade
  2. Retail trade

1.       Wholesale Trade-

It is the process of purchasing high-quality products from manufacturers and distributing them to retailers for sale to consumers. Since manufacturing and production are taking place, wholesalers are used to supplying the product to a store. Because corporations cannot offer their products directly to customers, wholesalers serve as a link between retailers and manufacturers. Wholesalers charge different rates depending on the amount and service of the product.

2.       Retail Trade

Retailers buy a small number of items from wholesalers and resell them to end-users. It creates a connection between wholesalers and customers. It’s also the last step before the product is made available to customers. Large and small retailers are the two sorts of merchants.

External trade

The process of selling or buying goods and services from one country to another is known as external commerce. It’s also known as international trade. It has no boundaries; anyone from anywhere on the planet can buy and sell anything to anyone in any region or state on the planet. It makes the company worldwide and ensures that every product is readily available throughout the world. For foreign commerce, there are several national and international restrictions and rules in place to protect traders from fraud.

External trade is further divided into three sub-trades.

  1. Export trade
  2. Import trade
  3. Entrepot trade

1.       Export trade.

Export trade occurs when a merchant from one country sells a product to a trader from another country. Traders in America, for example, can sell any goods to a trader in Germany.

2.       Import trade.

Import trade occurs when a trader from one country purchases items from a trader from another country. Traders in England, for example, buy things from traders in America to sell in their territory.

3.       Entrepot trade.

Entrepot trade occurs when a trader from one country purchases a product or items from a merchant from another country and modifies and integrates it to resale it to another country.

For example, an American trader might buy spare parts, machinery, and raw materials from Japan and Russia, then reorganize them to create a new product and sell it to other nations.

What are the requirements to start a trading business in India?

1.       In India, you can start an import-export firm.

With the appropriate tactics, starting an import-export business can be highly profitable. However, a company’s long-term performance and profitability are heavily reliant on the importer’s knowledge and grasp of international processes, as well as a thorough examination of India’s foreign and procedure-centric markets.

The potential director(s) of the firm must first apply for a Director Identification Number (DIN), which can be obtained by applying to India’s Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).

SPICe Form INC-32, which stands for Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically, was recently introduced by the MCA.

2.       Obtain a certificate from the Director-General of Foreign Trade.

The Federal Ministry of Commerce and Industry is India’s largest and most powerful body in charge of foreign trade promotion and regulation. It has a complex bureaucratic framework aimed at making many areas of trade easier.

The Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992 regulates imports and exports in India, giving the government extensive influence over trade policy and procedures.

Indian law requires all first-time exporters and importers to register with the DGFT, which will issue your company with a unique Import-Export Code (IEC).

Both exports and imports require the IEC Code, which is a ten-digit code. Every single import/export transaction will be scrutinized by Indian Customs.

You must submit the relevant document – the “Aayaat Niryaat Form” (ANF2A) – to the DGFT’s nearest regional authority to apply for an IEC number. This form can be filled out and submitted online, by mail, or in person.

The entity wishing to export or import products must also provide the following documents to get the code:

  • Two passport-size photos of the legally accountable person;
  • PAN (Permanent Account Number);
  • A valid phone number and email address;
  • Number of your current bank account; and
  • A banker’s certificate is a document issued by a financial institution.


3.       Get a License to import.

By any standard, India’s import-export rules are not overly rigid, and the great majority of commodities moving in and out of the country are license-free, making them simple to run and profitable.

However, Indian customs laws prohibit the importation of certain commodities and restrict the importation of others by imposing import conditions.

To deal with any such strict rule, the importer must first get an import license from the appropriate government authorities. Imports that lack the required paperwork risk being considered unlawful, which could result in confiscation or denial of entry into the nation.

Import licenses are usually renewed and last for 24 months for capital items and 18 months for raw materials, consumables, and replacement parts.

Note that each import license will be granted in two copies: one will be used as the Foreign Exchange Control Copy to confirm reimbursement for the foreign seller of the products, and the other will be given to the appropriate customs department for import clearance.

4.       Become a member of an Export Promotion Council.

The next step is to register with an Export Promotion Council (EPC) to acquire a Registration Cum Membership Certificate after you’ve completed your initial registration (RCMC).

Any company requesting a permit to import or export, or to take advantage of trade perks and concessions under the federal Foreign Trade Policy (FTP), must submit the RCMC.

5.       Get registered with the appropriate tax and regulatory authorities.

If a firm wants to receive all of the available benefits associated with exports and imports, it should identify and register with all of the necessary local tax authorities. For example, if correctly registered, certain items exported from India may be free from the integrated goods and services taxes (IGST).

To take advantage of the full range of incentives, your company should register with all appropriate agencies, including the regional Goods and Services Tax Department and the Export-Import Credit Guarantee Corporation, all of which have various procedures that vary by state.

Additionally, if a company plans to export goods, it must register with the Indian Chamber of Commerce’s regional branch in its area.

6.       Obtain a license to export.

An exporter must first categorize the item by determining its ITC (HS) Classification to determine whether a license is required to export a certain commercial product or service.

India’s main method of classifying commodities for trade and import-export operations is the ITC (HS), also known as Indian Trading Clarification based on a Harmonized System of Coding. The DGFT issues the ITC-HS code, which is an 8-digit alphanumeric code that represents a certain class/category of goods and permits the importer/exporter to follow regulations about to those commodities.

How to start your own online trading business?

You might try an online trading business if you want to make money and be your boss. Remember that learning how to trade business isn’t easy – you’ll need to do your studies and gain the same amount of competence as you would for any other job. However, the advantage is that this business strategy has previously been tried and established, lowering the risk of failure dramatically. So, let’s have a look at how you might start your own trading business.

Self-education is essential.

  • You must first educate yourself to be able to start trading online successfully.
  • You’ll need to become familiar with every little detail of the profession, which means that viewing a few videos or reading a few books won’t suffice.
  • Before investing even a single dollar, you must obtain every accessible resource and ensure that you have thoroughly examined everything.
  • Investigate if there are any demo trading alternatives available so you can put what you’ve learned into practice before getting into the game for real.


Make a Trading business strategy.

You should then create a trading business strategy, just like you would for any other firm. You can’t expect to get very far in your business until you have a solid business strategy in place.

Decide on the trading style you want to follow, develop a risk management approach, select software, and tools, and select a trading strategy. Things will be much easier if you know what you want to do and how you want to do it.

Your portfolio should be diverse.

Diversifying your portfolio is critical in the trading business. Rather than putting all of your assets in a single market, you might divide them out among several possibilities.

Give your trading company a logical framework.

After that, you’ll need a well-defined business structure. This is a crucial step because it determines your future tax responsibilities. So, go to an accountant ahead of time and decide if you want to manage your firm as an LLC (limited liability corporation), a single proprietorship, or a joint venture.

The type of business structure you choose will influence how you approach TTS (tax trader status) in the future. However, keep in mind that you’ll only have to pay taxes if you truly win, so concentrate on producing money and let others (such as your accountant) worry about taxes.

Invest in trading technologies.

Finally, just like you would in any other form of business, make full use of all available technology to assure your trading success. All of the technology that was once only available to institutional traders is now available to retail traders as well.

Fast computers, all-electronic marketplaces, and direct-access trading are just a few of the features that have made trading much easier in this day and age. Furthermore, trade automation, cutting-edge market research tools, and high-tech testing platforms provide you with even more advantages. As a result, you should take advantage of all of these – as well as any others you come across – to improve your trading skills.

As you can see, trying your luck as an internet trader entails considerable risk, and it isn’t without its drawbacks. However, the advantages it provides, such as the ability to be your boss and earn a substantial income, make it well worth it.

Top 20 trading business ideas in India

  • Rice trading business
  • Steel trading business
  • Coconut trading business
  • Gold trading business
  • Forex trading business
  • Pharma trading business
  • Food trading business
  • Fish trading business
  • Egg trading business
  • Milk trading business
  • Edible oil trading business
  • Coal trading business
  • Scrap trading business
  • Global petroleum business & trading est.
  • Oil trading business
  • Metal trading business
  • Garment trading business
  • Grain trading business
  • Tea trading business
  • Egg trading business

Loan for trading business in India-

Indian traders can take advantage of business loans tailored to their needs to expand their trade firm. Traders can benefit from business loans in a variety of ways, including but not limited to:

  • They can assist in increasing working capital.
  • Trade loans might help you update your infrastructure.
  • These loans might help you install cutting-edge technologies.
  • Traders might use business loans to expand their inventory.

Features and Advantages of a Loan for a Trading Company

Traders’ business loans provide several unique features and advantages. Some of the characteristics of a trade loan are as follows:

1.       A large loan amount:

Starting a new trade firm or growing an existing one is not inexpensive. To account for all of the varied expenses, a large loan amount would be required to cover all of the probable needs and requirements. A trader’s business loan accomplishes this.

2.       Loan Repayment Options:

Each trade business’s financial demands are taken into account when applying for a business loan. As a result, trade loans allow enterprises to repay their debts at their own pace.

3.       Traders’ loans with no collateral:

To qualify for a trade loan, you may be required to put up collateral, which means you must pledge some of your assets. As a result, these loans are sanctioned and disbursed significantly more quickly.

4.       Accessibility (ease of use):

Lending has been made easier in a variety of ways since the internet’s inception. You may now evaluate the numerous business loans for traders available online and choose the one that best suits your demands and those of your firm. You can apply for a loan online from the convenience of your own home or workplace, and your application will be handled quickly.





Furthermore, you can now use the consumer websites and apps of lending institutions to keep track of your credit limits, forthcoming repayments, and related fees.

5.       Pre-approved offers:

Customers are offered intriguing and personalized pre-approved offers by lending institutions.

Trade Loan Eligibility Criteria

Now that you’ve learned about the benefits of a business loan for traders, the following step is to see if you fulfil the lending institution’s eligibility requirements. All you have to do is meet the following criteria:

  • You’re self-employed and live in India.
  • You’re between the ages of 26 and 66.
  • You should have a minimum of three years of business experience.

Required Documents for a Trade Loan

A trade loan can be obtained with minimum documents. All you have to do now is provide the following documents:

1.       Proof of identity:

When applying for a loan for a trading firm, valid identity proof such as an Aadhaar card, PAN card, Voter ID card, driving license, or passport will be required.

2.       Address proof:

Address proof is required when applying for a trade loan. As proof of address, you can submit documents like your power bill, passport, ration card, leasing agreement, or trade license certificate.

3.       Financial records:

To be considered for a collateral-free loan for traders, you must submit the following documents:

  1. Bank account statement for the previous three months.
  2. ITR for at least one year.

How to Apply for a Trading Business Loan

Customized business loans are available to meet your trade business needs.

This application process is basic and straightforward, and it may be done in four steps:

Step 1: Complete the online business loan application form.

Step 2: Choose the loan amount and repayment period that you want.

Step 3: Scan a copy of the relevant documents and upload them.

Step 4: After your documents have been approved and verified, the loan amount will be deposited into your account within 24 hours!

Benefits of own trading business-

  • You’ll know exactly how much money you have to run your firm, and you won’t have to waste time looking for alternative sources of capital from investors or banks.
  • When compared to alternative financing choices, self-funding your business allows you far more control. It also means you won’t have to repay or rely on outside investors or lenders, who may choose to stop supporting you at any time.
  • You will keep full ownership of the company, which means you will be entitled to 100% of future profits.
  • When you fund your own business, you’ll be forced to live within your means, only investing in business equipment and marketing when it’s really necessary. This might assist you in prioritizing your business expenses and avoiding overspending.

Points to remember while starting a trading business-

1.       Always follow a trading strategy.

A trading strategy is a series of written guidelines that detail a trader’s entrance, exit, and money management requirements for each buy.

It is simple to test a trading concept using today’s technologies before risking actual money. Backtesting is a technique that allows you to test your trading concept against previous data to see if it is viable.

After a strategy has been established and backtested with positive results, it can be deployed in live trading.

The important thing here is to keep to the strategy. Even if the trades turn out to be winners, trading outside of the trading plan is considered a poor strategy.

2.       Trading should be approached like a business.

Trading should be treated as a full- or part-time business, not a hobby or a profession, if you want to be successful.

There is no real dedication to studying if it is regarded as a hobby. If it’s a job, it can be aggravating because you don’t get paid regularly.

Trading is a business, which means it comes with costs, losses, taxes, uncertainty, stress, and risk. As a trader, you are essentially a tiny business owner that must conduct research and strategy to maximize the potential of your company.

3.       Take advantage of technology.

Trading is a highly competitive industry. It’s safe to presume that the person on the opposite side of the trade is making the most of all available technologies.

Traders can view and analyze the markets in an infinite number of ways thanks to charting platforms. Backtesting an idea with previous data helps you avoid costly mistakes. We can keep track of trading from anywhere by getting market information on our smartphones. Trading performance can be substantially improved by using technology that we take for granted, such as a high-speed internet connection.

Trading may be enjoyable and rewarding if you use technology to your advantage and stay current with new products.

4.       Keep your trading capital safe.

It takes a long time and a lot of effort to save enough money to fund a trading account. If you have to do it twice, it can be even more difficult.

It’s crucial to remember that preserving your trading capital does not imply that you’ll never lose money. Every trader had a losing trade. Protecting your cash includes avoiding unnecessary risks and doing all possible to keep your trading business afloat.

5.       Make Markets a Subject of Study.

Consider it a form of lifelong learning. Traders must be focused on learning new things every day. It’s crucial to remember that mastering the markets and all of their complexities is a lifelong endeavour.

The hard study enables traders to comprehend the facts, such as the meaning of various economic reports. Traders can strengthen their intuition and grasp the intricacies by focusing and observing.

The markets are influenced by global politics, news events, economic trends, and even the weather. The market is in a state of flux. The better-prepared traders are for the future, the more they comprehend the past and current markets.

6.       Only take risks with money you can afford to lose.

Make sure that all of the money in your trading account is expendable before you start using real money. If not, the trader should continue to save until it is.

Money in a trading account should not be used to pay for college tuition for the kids or to pay the mortgage. Traders must never believe they are merely borrowing money from these other significant commitments.

It’s difficult enough to lose money. It’s much worse if it’s money that should never have been put in danger in the first place.

7.       Create a fact-based methodology

It is well worth the time and effort to build a sound trading system. It’s easy to fall for the “so simple it’s like printing money” trade scams that abound on the internet. However, facts should drive the development of a trading strategy, not emotions or hope.

Traders who aren’t in a rush to learn usually have an easier time filtering through the vast amount of information available on the internet. Consider this: if you wanted to start a new career, you would almost certainly need to study for at least a year or two at a college or university before you could even seek a job in the new field. Learning to trade takes at least the same amount of effort and fact-based research and study as learning to drive.

8.       Always use a stop-loss order when trading.

A stop loss is a set amount of risk that a trader is willing to take on each deal. The stop loss might be in the form of a monetary amount or a percentage, but it restricts the trader’s exposure throughout the trade in any case. Using a stop loss helps relieve some of the tension of trading by ensuring that we will only lose a certain amount on each deal.

Even if it results in a profitable transaction, not setting a stop loss is a terrible practice. If it falls inside the trading plan’s rules, exiting with a stop loss and so having a losing transaction is still excellent trading.

The ideal situation is to profit from every trade, but this is unrealistic. Using a safe stop loss can help you reduce your losses and dangers.

9.       Know when you should Stop Trading.

An ineffective trading plan and an ineffective trader are two reasons to discontinue trading.

An inadequate trading strategy results in substantially larger losses than predicted by historical testing. That occurs. Markets may have shifted, or volatility could have decreased. The trading plan is simply not performing as intended for any reason.

Maintain a professional demeanour. It’s time to rethink your trading strategy and make some adjustments or start fresh with a new strategy.

A failed trading strategy is an issue that must be addressed. It does not necessarily mean that the trading enterprise is over.

An ineffective trader creates a trading strategy but fails to stick to it. This condition can be exacerbated by external stress, bad habits, and a lack of physical activity. If a trader is not in top trading condition, he or she should take a break. The trader can resume operations once all obstacles and challenges have been resolved.

10.   Maintain a balanced approach to trading.

When trading, keep your eyes on the larger picture. We shouldn’t be surprised if we lose a deal; it’s a part of the game. A successful trade is only one step on the road to a successful business. It is the total profits that determine the outcome.

Emotions will have less of an impact on trading success once a trader accepts wins and losses as part of the game. That isn’t to mean we shouldn’t get thrilled over a particularly profitable trade, but we must remember that a losing trade is seldom far behind.

Setting realistic goals is an important component of maintaining perspective in trading. Your company should be able to generate a reasonable profit in a reasonable amount of time. You’re setting yourself up for failure if you expect to be a multi-millionaire by Tuesday.

11.   Analyze your mistakes regularly.

First and first, rectify any errors that occur outside of your trading systems, such as poor execution and trade management. Make sure you’re not placing deals that aren’t part of your trading strategy. If good execution and thorough trade management nonetheless result in an unsatisfactory drawdown, it’s time to revisit the trading strategy, analyze the errors, and make the necessary adjustments.

12.   Rather than buying cheap and selling high, the goal is to buy high and sell higher:

If the market is in an established trend and we trade in the same direction, buying a breakout above the high is a technique that allows us to sell at a higher price.